India is a county of the extremes. On one hand it is home to some of the poorest people on the planet and on the hand there are these extremely wealthy businessmen and Bollywood starts who live extravagant lifestyles which can overshadow even some of the richest men and women in the Western world. Described as a magical and mystical land, India attracts tourists from all corners of the planet. But what do you really know about it?
India is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system which comprises of six recognised national parties and over 40 regional parties. It is classified as the world’s largest democracy due to the fact that India has a population of over 1.2 billion people. The current president of India is Pranab Mukherjee who assumed office in 2012. He is the country’s 13th president.
Air pollution is a serious problem in Indian. For instance recent studies by several international and national health and environmental organisations have proven that the air in Mumbai is so dirty and polluted that breathing it for 24 hours is equal to smoking the mind blowing 100 cigarettes (five packs) for a day.
The Indian rupee is the official currency of India. It is issued by the Reserve Bank of India and is named after the silver coin “Rupiya” which was first allotted during the 16th century by Sultan Sher Shah Suri. According to the local law, it is illegal to take out of the country Indian rupees. However, India is one of the few countries (the others being Russia, Canada, Mexico and Israel) in the world to have braille on their bank notes in order to facilitate the visually impaired and protect them from people with malicious intents.
Indian cuisine is based on spices, herbs, vegetables and fruits. It is heavily influenced by the local religious and cultural traditions. Several associations rank it as a still evolving cuisine due to the fact that India is in constant interaction with other societies which more or less have an impact on the local cuisine. Some of the most famous Indian dishes are biryani, vindaloo, idli-dosa-vada, chole-bhature, malai kofta, pav bhaji, kebabs, poori-halwa and may more. An interesting fact about India is that it has the lowest meat consumption per person on the planet. It also produces 70% of the world’s spices.
India is a leader in several businesses of global importance. For example the country has the world’s fastest growing telecommunication industry. It is also the third largest mobile phone market on the planet after China and the Unites States, a claim that is proven by the fact that there are more smartphones in India then there are toilettes. India is also home to some of the most advance pharmaceutical companies in the world and plays in integral role on the global pharma market. Last but not least, the country is the second fastest growing sector in the automotive industry as more and more Indians have the means to purchase cars and more and more automobile manufacturer are opening production facilities in the country.
Slavery and bonded labour
Slavery is another major issue with which the Indian government is fighting. At the moment the country has the largest slave population in human history. Studies show that approximately 18 million people are living in conditions of slavery. Bonded labour is a form of slavery in which children are forced to work until they pay out a debt. The practice of bonded labour was abolished and deemed illegal in 1976 but it still remains a problem with which the local law enforcement is struggles mainly due to the lack of resources. The same studies show that currently an estimate of 12.6 million children under the age of 14 are forced in labour.
Since India is a global leader in several industries, more and more Westerns are coming to the country in order to seek better career opportunities in their respective fields. As a former colony of Britain, most of the foreigners that come to India are British citizens. This has led to the emergence of professional moving companies like Titan Man and Van in London which have the resources to handle the logistics of a relocation to India and vice versa.
The Love Commandos were established in 2010 and are a non-profit voluntary organisation which helps and protects couples from different castes. People who fall in love with people from another caste are considered a disgrace by their caste and are often the subject of harassment and honour killings by their own family members, friends, neighbours and fellow villagers.
A number of health and child-care organisations have made the horrifying findings that one in three malnourished kids live in India. This is due to the immense difference between the different social layers of the country. While some Indians live in lavish houses in Indian resorts towns, others are forced to starve and beg for money in order purchase essential products such as medicine, food, clothes and etc. Researches show that an average person in India must work for six hours in order to afford a Big Mac from McDonalds.
India is one of the most visited countries in the world. This is due to the country’s rich cultural and historical heritage. India is also home to a large number of world famous landmarks such as:
- Lake Palace in the city of Udaipur
- Virupaksha Temple in the city of Hampi
- Kanha Tiger Reserve in the state of Madhya Pradesh
- Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) in the city of Amritsar
- Ajanta Caves in the state of Maharashtra
- Taj Mahal in the city of Agra
Keep in mind that the country has a total of 32 UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Largest cities in India
|Name||State||Area in km2||Population|